BOKO HARAM AND TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM IN AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS FOR POLITICAL COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA DEVELOPMENT

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Olumba, E. E. and Ekeanyanwu, N. T. (2016) Boko Haram and Transnational Terrorism in Africa: Implications for Political Communication and Media Development. In: D. Wilson, (ed.), Mass Media and the Electoral Process in Nigeria. Uyo: African Council for Communication Education, pp.141-164.
Abstract
The menace of cross-border terrorism in Africa and the unabated rise of Boko Haram as a deadly and major terror group in Nigeria have raised concerns globally. Cross-border terrorism, which is regarded in this paper as transnational terrorism, has also challenged political and developmental experts because of its unprecedented impact on all sectors of the affected nations, which carry the added burden of managing their undeveloped economic status with the problems associated with terrorism. The recent wave of terrorism in Africa is phenomenal in its origin and nature because it encompasses political, ethnic and historical undertones with greater emphasis on the elevation of Islamic religion above other tenets of modern life. This phenomenon poses several questions which many scholars are trying to answer. This chapter also examined common factors in terms of vision and mission which drive Boko Haram and some other terrorist groups in the African continent. The high point of this chapter is a discourse on the implications of cross-border terrorism by Boko Haram on political communication and media development in Nigeria and Africa at large.
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